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Martin Annesley

Extract from a book about the parish of Bucklebury, near Reading, kindly provided by Nicholas Dent.

Martin was grandfather to Revd Arthur Annesley of Clifford Chambers.

With Henry St. John, Lord Bolingbroke as Patron, Martin Annesley came here (Bucklebury) on July 3, 1726, soon after the death of Richard Simeon, the Younger. A record is entered in the Register of Bishop Hoadly at Salisbury. He remained twenty-three years.

Martin Annesley belonged to a notable family and was a son of Francis Annesley of Clogmaghericott, Co. Down, and Thorganby, Yorks. This Francis had a stormy career in politics as M.P. Martin was a grandson of the first Viscount Valentia, and his mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Joseph Martin of London. He was born in Dublin and was baptized, October 12, 1701. Educated at Eton under Dr. Snape. [Left Eton 1718 - MS note] Admitted pensioner of St. John's College, Cambridge, May 20, 1719' B.A. in 1722, M.A. 1726, D.D. 1744. Incorporated at Oxford, June 8, 1727. [Scholar 21st May 1719 - MS note]

Martin was a young man of twenty-five when he was presented to the Vicarage. Besides having the living of Bucklebury with Marlston he was the Rector of Frilsham from May 20, 1730, and held both places by dispensation from the Archbishop of Canterbury until his death. During the last five years of his life he was also a Prebendary of Salisbury.

He married, in December, 1732, Mary, daughter and co-heir of William Hanbury of Little Marcle, Co. Hereford, and had issue.

In 1734 the birth of his son, Francis, is entered in the Parish Register:- 'Francis Annesley, the son of Martin Annesley, Vicar of this Parish, and Mary his wife, was born the 2nd. of May, and Baptized, May 12th.' This Francis was elected M.P. for Reading in 1774, and kept the seat for over thirty years. He was educated at Reading School under Mr. Hiley. He died April 17, 1812, aged 78. He is a famous native of Bucklebury.

A daughter of Martin's, named Catherine, was the second wife of the Rev John Trollope about 1761, who was at that time a Curate at Bucklebury under William Dodwell.

Martin Annesley kept the Parish Registers with great care and wrote the entries in beautiful handwriting. He made an interesting entry on September 12, 1734. 'I went to Beedon in this County and Baptized Richard, the son of the Rev. Thomas Gardner and Mary his wife - being their twenty-fifth child within the space of seventeen years marriage. Martin Annesley, Vicar.'

Martin's death is recorded on June 10, 1749:- 'Was buried in Woollen, Rev. Martin Annesley, D.D., Vicar of Bucklebury, Rector of Frilsham and Prebendary of Sarum.' He was forty-six years old when he died. His will was made in 1737, and a Codicil in 1742; one of the Attestors was the Rev. Richard Cobbe, Curate at Bucklebury.

In it he expressed a wish to be buried in the Churchyard if he should happen to die at Bucklebury, and gave directions for his funeral and burial.

There is a weather worn and almost indecipherable inscription in Latin to his memory in the churchyard.

From the Bucklebury Parish Register (deaths): 'Dec. 28, 1796. Mrs. Mary Annesley aged 87 widow of the late Rev. M. Annesley, formerly vicar of this parish.'

Francis Annesley

From the web site of the Northern Ireland record office

The next member of the Annesley family who is conspicuously represented in D/1854 is Francis Annesley, M.P., of Thorganby, Yorkshire, and Castlewellan, Co. Down, a nephew of Lord Anglesey, a member of both the English and Irish Parliaments, one of the Commissioners of Inquiry into the Forfeited Estates in Ireland (1699) and one of the Trustees for the Sale of the Forfeited Estates (1700-1703). According to J.G. Simms, The Williamite Confiscation in Ireland, 1690-1703 (London, 1956), pp.98-99, the seven Commissioners 'formed an ill-assorted team' elected by ballot in the English House of Commons. Francis Annesley headed the ballot, and was one of the majority of four among the Commissioners who '... neglected no opportunity to discredit the government's administration of the forfeitures and to paint a lurid picture of neglect, corruption, favouritism and partiality to Papists ...'; following which, an English Act of Resumption was passed in 1700, whereby all King William III's grants of forfeited Irish lands were vested in 13 Trustees, with Annesley again heading the ballot. It is probably indicative of Annesley's position of prominence among the Commissioners/Trustees that he went off with the bulk of their archive, comprising c.50 volumes of minutes, reports, petitions, tithe details, correspondence, accounts, etc, 1699-1703. It also seems probable that, in connection with the work of the Commissioners/Trustees, he borrowed from his kinsman, the 3rd Earl of Anglesey (the 1st Earl having died in 1686) the Annesley set of the Books of Survey and Distribution, the other Restoration Settlement volumes and the (irrelevant) Vice-Treasurer's accounts of 1560-1565, and did not return any of them. The 3rd Earl of Anglesey died in 1702 and Francis Annesley at that date would still have had a use for the books.


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